Fighting Culture

Archery Culture 


Native American Archery

The bow and arrow made up an important part of Native American culture as it was used both for hunting food and as a primary weapon of war. The process of making the bow and arrow was a complex, requiring a high level of time, effort and craftsmanship.....Read Article
Archery in Medieval England

A look at the development of archery in medieval England in warfare and how the social status of the archer changed over time. Early in the period, soldiers armed with short bows or crossbows were often seen as inferior warriors but as the period developed, their social states saw some growth.....Read Article

Boxing Culture 


Boxing in the Ancient World 

While often more violent than its modern day counterpart, ancient boxing was very similar to today's sport. From the earliest civilisation, Samaria, to the height of the Roman Empire, boxing enjoyed vast popularity until it was eventually banned in c.400 C.E.....Read Article
Boxing in the 18th Century 

The boxing scene of the 18th century saw a large amount of development and innovation. However it also saw the start of corruption at the top level of the sport when some prize fighters, promoters and managers realized that losing could be more profitable than winning.....Read Article

 

19th Century Bare Knuckle Champs 

A look at the many fighters who are credited with holding the bare knuckle boxing title in the 19th century. The list goes up to Jem Mace, who made the switch to using boxing gloves following the introduction of the Queensbury Rules.....Read Article
Post-Queensbury Rules Boxing 

With the introduction of the Queensbury Rules, boxing began to become legitimised and more professional. Carnival fighting grew in popularity however until around the mid-20th century, the sport was institutionally racist.....Read Article

 Capoeira Culture


The Roots of Capoeira 

A look at the historical debate on the roots of capoeira that asks whether the deadly fighting techniques that are hidden in dance moves originated in Brazil, or were brought over from Africa when enslaved people from the continent started arriving around 1500 CE.....Read Article
Brazil’s Criminal Underworld

When slavery was outlawed in Brazil in 1888, mass unemployment followed which led to a rise in the country’s criminal underworld. Many gang leaders at the time were advanced capoeirista, so practicing the art became illegal as capoeira became synonymous with crime.....Read Article

 Jujitsu Culture


Early Jujitsu Ryu 

The early jujitsu schools from the 16th and 17th centuries transformed the art from being just a part of the samurai’s arsenal of fighting moves, to an unarmed combat system in its own right that is still practiced by millions of people across the world today.....Read Article
 
 

 Karate Culture


Okinawan Karate

A look at the development of karate history, from its humble beginnings in Okinawa, to its growth in the 20 century to becoming one of the most respected and well-known martial arts in the world.....

Shotokan Kata – Part One

A look at some of the kata that have helped shape Shotokan karate as we know it today. The list discusses several kata, attempting to explain their meanings, origins and how they developed over the 19th and early 20th centuries.....

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 Kung Fu Culture


Early Shaolin Kung Fu 

A look at some of the developments that are believed to have happened in the early history of Shaolin kung ku, from the arrival of Bodhidharma in the 6th century to the end of the Ming Dynasty in the 17th century.....

Shaolin in the Modern Era 

The modern era has been one of mixed fortunes for the Shaolin Temple in the Henan Province and for Chinese martial arts in general. The temple was destroyed a number of times and the martial arts styles taught there banned, both in the seventeenth century and the twentieth.....Read Article

 Samurai Culture


The Heian Period 

The Heian Period was time of great change in Japan and the era in which the samurai legend was first born. Over time, a new warrior elite emerged from the fighting men of the boarders and in the process wrestled power from the emperor and his centralised government.....Read Article
The Samurai Sword 

The Japanese samurai sword is widely believed to be one of the best types of sword ever created. By using a unique cooling system during its crafting, it combined the attributes of tough but flexible steel, giving it a very sharp edge and making it unlikely to break in battle.....Read Article

 

The Death of a Samurai 

One of the most important parts of a samurai warrior’s life was the manner in which it would end. The death of a samurai would preferably happen in battle or at least in some other service to his lord. Failing this, they would often be expected to commit seppuku, a form of ritualistic suicide.....Read Article
The Samurai at War

For the samurai, the methods, tactics and weapons of war changed down the ages but their willingness to die serving their lord was a constant. In return, they could gain land, titles and riches but perhaps more importantly, the best of them could gain a kind of immortality by having stories told about them for years to come.....Read More

 

The Mongols vs. The Samurai 

When Kublai Khan led his Mongol Hordes into an invasions of Japan he expected a relatively easy victory. However, things did not go to plan and twice the Mongols found themselves defeated, not by the samurai but by winds so strong they became known as Kamikaze or Divine Wind.....Read Article
 
 

 Fighting Systems


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